Monday, October 26, 2009

Tugas Bahasa Inggris

Past Perfect

.:S + had + V3 + O:.

The Past perfect is used to indicate

* An action that happend before another action in the past,There usually are two actions in the sentence

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. John had gone to the store before he went home
. John told us yesterday, that he had visited england in 1970

S + had + V3 + before + S + V2
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. John went home after he had gone to the store

S + V2 + after + S + had + V3
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. Before John went home, he had gone to the store

Before + S + V2 + S + had + V3
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.After John had gone to the store, he went home.

After + S + had + V3 + S + V2
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* A state which continued for a tim in the past, but stopped before now.

. Abdul had live in new york for ten year before he moved to california

Past Perfect Progresive (continous) for category 2 of past perfect only, we can use the past perfect continous
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S + had + been + Ving + ...

. Abdul had been living in New York for ten years before he moved to california
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Excercise

1. The policemen read the suspect his right after he had arrested (arrest) him
2. After John had wash (wash) his clothes. he began to study.
3. George had waited (wait) for one hour before the bus come
4. Maria entered (enter) the university after she had graduated from the community college
5. Jeanette washed (wash) the pipettes after she had completed the experiment
6. Jane sent a letter to her university after she has received (receive) he scholarship check
7. After the stewardesses had served lunch to the passengers, they the sat (sit) down
8. The car had flipped (flip) the time before it landed on its roof
9. we corrected our papers after we had taken (take) the quit
10. John had lived (live) in miami for one year when his parents come to visit

Diposkan oleh andywic di 20:12 0 komentar
Rabu, 14 Oktober 2009
Tugas Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 1
Simple Present Tenses

Simple present tenses digunakan untuk :
1. Menyatakan suatu kebiasaan atau kejadian yang sampai sekarng masih sering dilakukan (habitual action).
Contoh:
- I usually go to school at seven o’clok every day.
- The students play basket every Saturday.
- My mother goes ti the market every morning.

2. Menyatakan suatu kebenaran umum (general truth) atau menyatkan suatu kebenaran fakta.
Contoh:
- The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
- The river runs into the sea.
- A day has twenty four hours.

Kalimat simple present selalu menggunakan katakerja bentuk ke-1 (infinite) sebagai predikatnya.

Infinite

Bentuk “ing”

Preterite

Past Participle
Play

Playing

Palyed

Played
Study

Studying

Studied

Studied
Come

Coming

Came

Come
Go

Going

Went

gone


Adapun rumus dari Simple Present Tenese adalah :
I/You/We/They + Kata Kerja Bentuk ke 1 (Infinite)
Contoh:
- I play football every Sunday.
- You study English every week.
- We come to the party.
- They go to school every morning.

Apabila subjeknya I, you, we, they maka langsung diikuti oleh kata kerja ke 1, seperti play, study, come dan go. Namun, apabila subjeknya orang ketiga tunggal, yaitu he dan she maka rumusnya adalah sebagai berikut:

He/she + kata kerja ke-1 (infinite) +s/es
Contoh:
- He plays football every Sunday.
- She studies English every week.
- He comes to the party.
- She goes to school every morning

Terdapat bebrapa ketentuan untuk menambahkan akhiran “s” dan “es” dalam simple present tenses yaitu:
1. Kata kerja yang berakhiran huruf “s”,”ch”,”sh” dan “o” mendapat tambahan huruf “es” apabila subjeknya orang ketiga tunggal.

Subject bukan orang ketiga tunggal

Subject orang ketiga tunggal
We miss the bus

He misses the bus
You watch the film

She watchses the film
I wash the car

Rudy washes the car
They go to school

Ratna goes to school

2. Kata kerja yang berakhiran huruf “y” dan didahului huruf mati, maka “y” ditukar dengan “I” lalu ditambah akhiran “es”

Subject bukan orang ketiga tunggal

Subject orang ketiga tunggal
I study English

He studies English
We try to help you

She tries to help you
They carry the bags

Rudy carries the bag
You copy the lesson

Ratna copies the lesson

3. Kata kerja yang berakiran huruf “y” tetapi diikuti oleh huruf hidup, maka langsung ditambah dengan huruf “s” jika subjecknya orang ketiga tunggal.

Subject bukan orang ketiga tunggal

Subject orang ketiga tunggal
I buy a book

I buys a book
We play badminton

We palys badminton
You stay hrere

You stays here
They enjoy the trip

Ratna enjoys the trip

4. Selain ketentuan diatas, ddalam Simple present tenses umumnya kata kerja mendapat akhiran “s” jika subjeknya orang ketiga tunggal.

Subject bukan orang ketiga tunggal

Subject orang ketiga tunggal
I sign a song

She signs a song
We work in this office

He works this office
You speak English

Rudy speaks English
They make the cake

Ratna makes a cake

Exercise :
1. We (sends, send) the letter.
2. My father (drink, drinks) coffe every morning.
3. He always (get, gets) up early in the morning.
4. You and jhon (do, does) the homework.
5. One of my friend (come,comes) to the party.
6. My brother never (fail,fails) in exam.
7. Every body (ask, asks) about him.
8. My mother (buy,buys) some foods.
9. Does rudy (give,gives) the money.
10. Do they (write,writes) a letter.


Present Continuous Tenses

Kalimat Present Continous Tenses dibentuk dengan cara sebagai beikut :

Subject + am/is/are + kata kerja bentuk “ing”

Contoh:
- I am studying English now.
- He is reading a book at a moment.
- You are writing a letter in the room.
Kalimat dalam bentuk Present Continuous Tenses digunakan untuk:
1. Menyatakan suatu kejadian atau perbuatan yang sedang dilakukan sekarang.
Comtoh:
- I am studying English now.
- He is listening to the radio at a moment.
- We are going to the mvie tonight
2.
Menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau rencana yang segera akan dilaksanakan di waktu yang akan dating.
Contoh:
- I am leaving tomorrow morning.
- She is going to the movie tonight.


Simple Past Tenses

Simple Past Tenses digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi atau dilakukan pada waktu yang telah lalu, adapun bentuknya adalah:


Subject + kata kerja bentuk ke-2 (preterite)

Contoh:
- I played football yesterday morning.
- He studied English last week.
- Rudy and rita worked at the post office.
Simple Past Tenses dalam bentuk kalimat nominal.

Untuk membuat kalimat nominal (menggunakan to be) dalam simple past tenses, maka to be yang digunakan adalah “was” dan “were” yang diikuti oleh kata benda, kata sifat dan kata keterangan waktu.
Contoh:
- I was bussy yesterday morning.
- You were in London last month.
- Rudy and rita were happy to hear that news.



Present Perfect Tenses

Kalimat dalam bentuk present perfect tenses digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian atau kegiatan yang dilakukan pda waktu yang telah lalu. Adapun bentuk dari kalimat present perfect tetses adalah sebagai berikut:

Subject + have/has + kata kerja bentuk ke-3 (past participle)
Contoh:
- I have waited you for two hours.
- You have visited bali.
- We have finished that job.


Penggunaan kalimat present perfect tenses
1.
Manyatakan suatu kejadian atau perbuatan yang telah selesai dilakukan pada waktu yang lau tanpa ketetapan waktu yang pasti (entah kapan) tetapi ada hasilnya, biasanya menggunakan keterangan already, just atau yet.
Contoh:
- I have already seen that film. (saya sudah menonton film itu)
Kalimat ini berarti bahwa saya sudah menonton film itu di waktu yang lalu, entah kapan dan ada hasilnya, yaitu saya dapat menceritakan film itu.
- I have had my lunch. (saya sudah makan siang)
- He has typed the letter (ia sudah mengetik surat)

2. Menyatakan suatu kejadian atau perbuatan yang terjadi dwaktu lampau dan masih berlangsung sampai saat bicara.
Contoh:
- I have lived in bandung since 1990.(saya telah tinggal di bandung sejak 1990)
Kaimat ini berarti bahwa saya sudah tinggal di badung sejak tahun 1990 dan sampai saat saya berbicara, saya masih tinggal di bandung.
- I have worked there for along time.( saya sudah bekerja dikantor itu sejak lama)
- We have ever visited your house. (kami sudah pernah berkunjung ke rumahmu)
Perbedaan yang sangat prinsipil antara Simple Present Perfect dengan simple past tenses yang perlu diketahui adalah:
Dalam present perfect tenses, lebih ditekankan pada kejadian atau perbuatan yang dilakukan, sedangkan dalam simple past tenses lebih ditekankan pada waktu kejadiannya di masa lampau.
Perhatikan dengan cermat dan bandingkan kalimat dibawah ini:
- I have seen that film. (penekanan pada perbuatan: have seen).
- I saw that film yesterday. (penekanan pada waktu:yesterday).
- We have written that letter.
- We wrote that letter last week.

Jadi apabila kita ingin menyatakan suatu kejadian atau perbuatan di masa yang lampau tanpa menyebutkan keterangan waktunya, sebaiknya gunakanlah bentuk present perfect tenses.
Present perfect tenses dalam bentuk kalimat nominal.
Dalam kalimat nominal, present perfect tenses dibentuk dengan menggunakan “been” sebagai to be, yang diikuti kata benda, kata sifat, atau keterangan. Perhatikan dan bandingkan dengan penggunaan “be” pada future tenses.
Contoh:
- I have been bussy for two weeks
- He has been a teacher for five years.
- We have been in Jakarta since 1990.

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